by Andrzej Kihn
“Having once been an avid beekeeper,
I had always found the life of the colonies
to be both a source of fascination
and one of enduring wonder.
Until you have spent a tranquil day
in the spring sitting next to a hive of bees
and watching their comings and goings,
you have not truly experienced
the grandeur of the natural world.
Simply because the survival and welfare
of the colony demands it,
older bees revert to a more juvenile character,
adult lives are extended from 6 weeks
to as long as 3 or 4 months,
older hive bees revert to tasks that
were the province of their younger sisters.
Obviously, in the bee we are seeing an exquistie interplay
of gene expression, environment, and social dynamics
that are primarily orchestrated
by the pheromonal secrations of the queen.
There is an intelligence in this,
but one that speaks to us softly and in an alien tongue.”
A Gathering Storm
A New Kind of Breeder
ALAConline DNA Bank
Basic Genetic Concepts
Breadth of Pedigree
Color Genes in the Poodle
DNA Swab Sampling Instructions
Dog DNA Study reveals new role for protein
Elminating Mutation:The Impossible Dream
Genetic Management of Dog Breed Populations
Genetic Structure of the Purebred Domestic Dog
Genetics and Evolution 101
Genetics and the Shape of Dogs
Incest in Nature
The Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics Gains Attention
Nature vs. Nurture
Removing the Stigma of Genetic Disease
Small Population Genetics
The Downside of Inbreeding: It’s Time for a New Approach
The Effect of Inbreeding on the Immune System
The Ins and Outs of Pedigree Analysis, Genetic Diversity and Genetic Disease Control
The Poodle and the Chocolate Cake
The Price of Popularity: Popular Sires and Population Genetics
The Rising Storm
The Shallow End of the Gene Pool
Born to Win Breed to Succeed
Breeding Better Dogs
Control of Canine Genetic Diseases
Genetics of the Dog
Molecular Biology of the Gene
Population Management for Survival and Recovery
The Dog and Its Genome
The Inheritance of Coat Color in Dogs
Genetics load the gun. Chemicals pull the trigger.
Beekeeping, written by Jim Selzer, Willowind Dalmations, posted October 11, 2003 on CANGEN, is a beautiful example of the continual dance performed by Mother Nature. An avid student of genetics, in the past years Debby has been exploring population genetics, diversity principals, management of small populations and ways the modern dog breeder can utilize this knowledge in a breeding program. Historically, linebreeding, inbreeding, outcrossing, recessive and dominant inheritance have been the main lessons taught to dog breeders. It is time to explore beyond these basic lessons. In this spirit the following musings, articles, essays, editorials are offered for contemplation.
1. We must attune the use (the contribution to the next generation) of breeding animals to the size of the population. No single dog should have an impact on the genetic composition of subsequent generations such that ‘genetic disasters’ can arise.
2. If we do this we can once again make effective use of the old method of ‘individual selection’, and take first steps towards genuine improvement of the health and well-being condition of the breeds.
3. We will have to provide breeders with instruments that allow them to give steering to the level of inbreeding in their lines. The use of inbreeding can be advantageous in breeding, but it must remain an instrument rather than turn into an irreversible and unavoidable force.
4. Over and above the individual selection that has been applied since 1900 we must make modern methods of selection available for dog breeding (breeding value estimates, genetic risk assessments).
Artwork by Gertie Bracksieck